In tribal cultures usufruct means the land is owned in common by the tribe, but families and individuals have the right to use certain plots of land. Most Indian tribes owned things like land as a group and not as individuals. The family never owned the land, they just farmed it. This is called usufruct land ownership. A person must make (more or less) continuous use of the item or else he loses ownership rights. This is usually referred to as “possession property” or “usufruct.” Thus, in this usufruct system, absentee ownership is illegitimate.

The ambition of accumulation is harmful to communities once scarcity inevitably causes artificial inflation of land value. Once you start working for the right to keep the land out of the hands of others, and stop improving the land, you become concerned for the price of the land rather than its value for utilization.

This causes people to squander land resources. If the intention is to acquire and profit from transfer of land, then the condition of the land along with the quality of  improvements become important only for the end user. The land holder, who acquires land only to sell it, is a poor custodian.

Land is allowed to be polluted or used as a dump site because when land is not being worked, damage of many types are undetectable. For example, users will typically suspect the water table is contaminated only after feeling ill.


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